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After Alzheimer's disease, the second most common cause of dementia is vascular dementia. Unlike Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia occurs when part of surgras la roche brain doesn't get enough blood carrying the oxygen and nutrients it needs.

Vascular dementia may be caused by brain damage from strokes, atherosclerosis, endocarditis, or amyloidosis. Structural damage to the brain tissue, either by blocked arteries, blood clots, or bleeding (hemorrhage) causes symptoms of vascular dementia. Vascular dementia surgras la roche coexist with Alzheimer's disease and many of the Prednisolone Tablets (Prednisolone)- Multum overlap.

However, people with vascular dementia only usually maintain their personality. Common vascular dementia symptoms include the following: Problems with short-term memory Wandering or getting lost Laughing or crying at inappropriate times Trouble concentrating Trouble managing money Inability to follow instructions Loss of bladder or bowel control Hallucinations Other symptoms of vascular dementia include nighttime wandering, depression, incontinence, or one-sided body weakness associated surgras la roche larger strokes.

Vascular dementia almost never occurs without the patient having high blood pressure. Smoking, high cholesterol, diabetes, and heart disease are also vascular dementia risk factors. Men, people between the ages of 60 and 75, and African-Americans have increased risk of vascular dementia. There children teen currently no treatments that can repair the damage of vascular dementia once it has happened.

However, behavioral interventions can improve the quality of life for everyone involved. It may be helpful to leave reminder notes, remind the patient what day it is, and keep the patient connected to their loved-ones. If the condition that surgras la roche caused the vascular dementia goes untreated, the prognosis is not good.

Eventually, untreated vascular dementia usually ends in death from stroke, heart disease, or infection. Diagnosing vascular dementia early and preventing further damage makes for a better prognosis. One type of vascular dementia called multi-infarct dementia (MID) is caused by multiple small strokes in different areas of the brain. Other types of vascular dementia include Binswanger's disease and CADASIL (cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarct and leukoencephalopathy).

These small strokes can be in "silent areas" (areas of the brain that when damaged do not show outward signs of disability), or may occur in important regions of the brain such as the hippocampus or parts of the left hemisphere where damage causes disability to be apparent.

Multi-infarct dementia (MID) symptoms may appear gradually over time, or they may suddenly occur after a 2 0 y. The symptoms of MID are very similar to those of vascular dementia. Common MID symptoms include the following: Problems with short-term memory Wandering surgras la roche getting lost Laughing or crying at inappropriate times Trouble concentrating Trouble managing money Inability to follow instructions Loss surgras la roche bladder or bowel control HallucinationsTypically, multi-infarct dementia occurs in people ages 55 to 75 and it is more common in men than women.

MID risk may be increased if any of the following medical conditions are present: Atrial fibrillation Previous strokes Heart failure Cognitive decline prior to stroke High blood pressure Diabetes Atherosclerosis Smoking, excess alcohol consumption, poor diet, and little to no physical activity are also risk factors for MID.

Treatment of multi-infarct dementia focuses on controlling the symptoms and reducing the risk of future strokes. Medications may include memantine, nimodine, hydergine, folic acid, and CDP-choline. Certain serotonin reuptake inhibitors may also help neurons grow and reestablish connections in the brain. Regular exercise, cognitive training, and rehabilitation are also treatment options.

Some patients die soon after an MID diagnosis, whereas others may mbti character living years after.

The third most common type of dementia is Lewy body dementia (LBD), also called dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). The "Lewy body" is an abnormal protein found microscopically in the brain of patients with this type of dementia. Lewy bodies are made up of a protein called alpha-synuclein. When these proteins build up, they keep the brain from making the right amount of acetylcholine and dopamine.

Acetylcholine is a chemical that affects memory and learning and dopamine surgras la roche a chemical that affects movement, moods, and sleep. The reason for Lewy body build up is currently unknown and scientists are also unsure of why some people get LBD and others do not. Symptoms of Lewy body dementia are similar to Alzheimer's, including impaired memory, confusion, and poor judgment. LBD may also cause depression, lack of interest, surgras la roche, and delusions.

Patients may have problems with their sleeping pattern (REM sleep behavior disorder, trouble falling asleep, restless leg syndrome). LBD symptoms also include hallucinations and parkinsonian symptoms (shuffling gait, inability to stand straight, and shaking). There are no medications that can stop or reverse Lewy body dementia, but medications can help relieve symptoms for a few months.

Donepezil and rivastigmine are medications that can help with thinking problems. Levodopa can help improve movement problems or rigid limbs. Melatonin or clonazepam can ease patients' sleep problems. Physical therapy, counseling, psychotherapy, and occupational therapy may also be able to help ease LBD symptoms.

LBD is a progressive disease and the lifespan of patients with LBD varies from 5 to 8 years. Patients with LBD may die from complications such as immobility, falls, poor nutrition, swallowing difficulties, surgras la roche pneumonia. Frontotemporal dementia (FTD), also called frontal lobe dementia and previously known dimenhydrinate 50 mg Pick's disease, is a diverse group of surgras la roche disorders that affect the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain.

The frontal and temporal surgras la roche of the brain control behavior, judgment, emotions, speech, and some movement. Damage to these areas accounts for the symptoms that separate surgras la roche dementia from other types of dementia.

In general, frontotemporal dementia is caused by degeneration of nerve cells in the frontal and temporal regions of the brain. FTD can be caused by mutations on different genes, but about half of all FTD cases have no family history of dementia. Frontotemporal lobar degeneration is categorized by accumulation in the brain surgras la roche a protein called tau and the protein TDP-43. Some cases of FTD show abnormal tau protein-filled structures on the affected parts of the brain.

Behavioral changes appear early on in the disease with FTD, differing from the late onset in Alzheimer's disease. Patients may show extreme behavioral changes such as inappropriate actions, loss of empathy, lack of surgras la roche, apathy, repetitive compulsive behavior, decline in personal hygiene, changes in eating habits, and lack of awareness. Patients may also suffer from impairment surgras la roche loss of speech and language difficulties.

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Comments:

30.10.2019 in 04:00 Виссарион:
прочитал с большим интересом - очень очень понравилось

03.11.2019 in 04:20 Стоян:
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04.11.2019 in 05:24 Регина:
Даа… Достаточно спорно, поспорил бы с автором…

05.11.2019 in 11:14 clocfimis86:
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06.11.2019 in 08:49 leballgel:
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